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TOEIC-a-day

Thursday, 11 October 2018

  1. At tomorrow's meeting the marketing director will ________ us how the new model will be launched.

Explanation

The missing word should be a verb which can be used with us, as an indirect object without a preposition, and how.

(A) show is the correct answer because it is the only verb that can be used in this way. Like certain other verbs (eg give, tell, etc.), show is normally used with a direct object and an indirect object. The indirect object is normally used without to when it follows the verb immediately, but with to when it comes after the direct object.

  • Show that book to Jeremy: it'll make him laugh!
  • Show Jeremy that book: it'll make him laugh!

Give and tell can be used in a similar way:

  • Tell that story to Jeremy — you know, the one about the Englishman, the Scotsman and the Irishman.
  • Tell Jeremy that story — you know, the one about the Englishman, the Scotsman and the Irishman.
  • Give that diary back to me! It's personal.
  • Give me back that diary! It's personal.

(B) explain, (C) demonstrate & (D) present are wrong because they because they always introduce an indirect object with to, even if it comes directly after the verb.

  • She will explain to us how the product will be launched.
  • She will explain how the product will be launched to us.
  • She will demonstrate to us how the product will be launched.
  • She will demonstrate how the product will be launched to us.

(D) present is also incorrect because it can't normally be used with how.

  • She will present how the product will be launched to us.
  • She will present plans for the product launch to us.